Platelet cyclic AMP in essential hypertension

Journal of Hypertension
M M MazeaudM A Devynck

Abstract

Various abnormalities in platelet metabolism, including increased sensitivity to several aggregating agents, have been described in essential hypertension. Platelet response is controlled by Ca2+ and cyclic AMP-dependent mechanisms (stimulatory and inhibitory, respectively) which oppose one another. In the present study, the cyclic AMP contents of unstimulated platelets were measured by radio-immunoassay and observed to be lower in hypertensive than in normotensive subjects, either in the basal state or after prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) stimulation. In the presence of 7-bromo-1,5,dihydro-3,6-dimethylimidazo [2,1-b] quinazolin-2(3H)-one (Ro 15-2041), a specific inhibitor of phosphodiesterase, the increases in cyclic AMP content were similar in platelets from both groups, indicating that this enzyme was not responsible for the alterations in cyclic AMP metabolism observed in hypertension. Low external Ca2+ reduced basal and PGE1-stimulated cyclic AMP content in both normotensive and hypertensive groups but cyclic AMP levels remained lower in hypertensive patients than in normotensive subjects, indicating that Ca2+ influx is not responsible for this altered metabolism of cyclic AMP in hypertension. These data suggest that the reduced ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

7-bromo-1,5-dihydro-3,6-dimethylimidazo(2,1-b)quinazolin-2(3H)-one
Cyclic AMP, (R)-Isomer
Caverject
Blood Platelets
Calcium
Antithrombotic Agents
Hypertensive Disease
Quinazolines

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.