Jul 19, 2000

Platelet glycoprotein ibalpha is a counterreceptor for the leukocyte integrin Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18)

The Journal of Experimental Medicine
D I SimonJose Lopez


The firm adhesion and transplatelet migration of leukocytes on vascular thrombus are both dependent on the interaction of the leukocyte integrin, Mac-1, and a heretofore unknown platelet counterreceptor. Here, we identify the platelet counterreceptor as glycoprotein (GP) Ibalpha, a component of the GP Ib-IX-V complex, the platelet von Willebrand factor (vWf) receptor. THP-1 monocytic cells and transfected cells that express Mac-1 adhered to GP Ibalpha-coated wells. Inhibition studies with monoclonal antibodies or receptor ligands showed that the interaction involves the Mac-1 I domain (homologous to the vWf A1 domain), and the GP Ibalpha leucine-rich repeat and COOH-terminal flanking regions. The specificity of the interaction was confirmed by the finding that neutrophils from wild-type mice, but not from Mac-1-deficient mice, bound to purified GP Ibalpha and to adherent platelets, the latter adhesion being inhibited by pretreatment of the platelets with mocarhagin, a protease that specifically cleaves GP Ibalpha. Finally, immobilized GP Ibalpha supported the rolling and firm adhesion of THP-1 cells under conditions of flow. These observations provide a molecular target for disrupting leukocyte-platelet complexes that promote v...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Macrophage-1 Antigen
Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibodies, antineoplastic
Vascular Inflammations
Neutrophil Band Cells
Platelet Glycoproteins
ITGB2 gene
Complex (molecular entity)

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