Mar 8, 2019

Platelets release proinflammatory microparticles in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis

Rheumatology
Di MiaoMing-Hui Zhao

Abstract

The biological functions of the platelets contributing to ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) are largely unclear. The current study aimed to investigate the potential role of platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) in AAV. In the current study, microparticles in AAV patients were analysed by flow cytometry, and PMPs were probed for relative levels of 640 bioactive proteins secreted from patients' platelets using antibody microarrays. These data were then correlated with clinical and pathological parameters. PMPs were significantly increased in 69 AAV patients, predominantly MPO-ANCA positive patients in active stage compared with in remission [4406.8/μl (2135.4, 5485.0) vs 549.7/μl (350, 708.5), P < 0.0001], and 43% of microparticles in active AAV were PMPs. Compared with 15 patients in remission, highly expressed proinflammatory molecules in the microparticles from platelets in 15 AAV patients in active stage revealed that potential functions of PMPs were promotion of the effect of chemotaxis, adhesion, growth and apoptosis (all the patients for array analysis were MPO-ANCA positive). The level of PMPs had a significant association with disease activity, inflammation, and renal damage. PMPs may serve as inflammatory propagators t...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Vasculitis
Study
Flow Cytometry
Protein Array Analysis
IMP protein, rat
Chemotaxis
Apoptosis
Cytokine
Inflammation
Analysis

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