DOI: 10.1101/505131Dec 23, 2018Paper

Pleistocene Mammal Population Fluctuation Patterns Inferred by Their Genomes

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Yulu LiuShuaicheng Li

Abstract

Paleoclimate fluctuations critically affect paleoecological systems and influence mammal populations, even resulting in population differentiation [1]. Historical effective population size (Ne) can reflect these influences [2, 3]. Dozens of recent studies have investigated the relationship between variations in Ne values of one or a small number of mammalian species, inferred from genomic data, and fluctuations in paleoclimate [4-7]. However, there lacks an integrated and comprehensive study on the relationship between the fluctuations in paleoclimate and variations in Ne values inferred from genome sequencing data of a wide range of mammals. To investigate patterns in mammalian Ne values during the the Pleistocene, we gathered whole genome sequencing data of 60 mammals from 35 species distributed across Afro-Eurasia and the Americas, then inferred their Ne curves using the Pairwise Sequentially Markovian Coalescent (PSMC) method; 30 mammalian Ne curves almost simultaneously started to contract at the turning point of the Middle Pleistocene Transition (MPT); then the population of seven mammals started to expand at the turning point of the Middle Brunhes Event (MBE), while the contraction of other mammalian populations was prol...Continue Reading

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