PMID: 6704562Jan 1, 1984Paper

Plethysmographic measurement of lung volume in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Influence of the panting pattern

Bulletin Européen De Physiopathologie Respiratoire
J PiquetJ Bignon

Abstract

In 9 healthy subjects and 22 patients with chronic obstructive disease, we computed total lung capacity (TLC) using an integrated flow pressure-corrected body plethysmograph. During panting manoeuvre, TLC derived from oesophageal pressure (TLCes) was compared to TLC derived from mouth pressure (TLCm). In healthy subjects, TLCm was identical to TLCes. Patients with obstructive disease exhibited different behaviours according to experimental conditions: a) in free frequency panting with mouth occlusion close to functional residual capacity (FRC) (9 patients), TLCm appeared to be significantly higher than TLCes (mean difference: 0.25 1; p less than 0.05); b) in panting with both low (less than 1 Hz) and high (2 Hz) frequencies and mouth occlusion close to FRC (7 patients), TLCm appeared to be significantly higher than TLCes only at a high frequency (p less than 0.05); c) in panting with both low and high frequencies and mouth occlusion close to TLC (6 patients), no significant difference was observed between TLCm and TLCes. These results suggest that in patients with chronic obstructive disease plethysmographic lung volume measurements are subject to error, due to the influence of extrathoracic airways. During occlusion at FRC, pa...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Esophagus
Functional Residual Capacity
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Volume Measurements
Plethysmography
Expiratory Airflow
Total Lung Capacity

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