Jun 1, 1982

Polar lipids in phototrophic bacteria of the Rhodospirillaceae and Chromatiaceae families

Journal of Bacteriology
Johannes F ImhoffM Kates

Abstract

The polar lipids of photosynthetic purple bacteria of the genera Chromatium, Thiocapsa, Thiocystis, Ectothiorhodospira, Rhodopseudomonas, Rhodospirillum, and Rhodomicrobium were analyzed. Characteristic compositions of the polar lipids were found for most of the Rhodospirillaceae and Chromatiaceae species. Phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and cardiolipin were the major phospholipids in most species. Phosphatidylcholine was present as a major component in all species of the genus Ectothiorhodospira, but was not detected in the remaining Chromatiaceae. It was also present in most of the Rhodospirillaceae species. No glycolipids were found in any of the Ectothiorhodospira species. In the Rhodospirillaceae, the glycolipids mono- and digalactosyl diglycerides were generally absent. Sulfoquinovosyl diglyceride was present in significant amounts in at least three species of the Rhodospirillaceae and may have been present in most of them, but only in traces. All of the Chromatiaceae species contained several glycolipids, one of which was similar to monogalactosyl diglyceride. Ornithine lipids were found in large amounts in most Rhodospirillaceae, but were absent in Ectothiorhodospira and in the other Chromatiaceae. The s...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Phosphatidyl glycerol
Phosphatidylglycerols
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase E3-Binding Protein Deficiency
Chromatiaceae
Chromatium
Glycolipids
Diglycerides
Phosphatidylglycerol Measurement
Phosphatidylethanolamine
Rhodomicrobium

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