Sep 21, 2019

Polygala tenuifolia-Acori tatarinowii herbal pair as an inspiration for substituted cinnamic α-asaronol esters: Design, synthesis, anticonvulsant activity, and inhibition of lactate dehydrogenase study

European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Yajun BaiXiaohui Zheng

Abstract

Inspired by the traditional Chinese herbal pair of Polygala tenuifolia-Acori Tatarinowii for treating epilepsy, 33 novel substituted cinnamic α-asaronol esters and analogues were designed by Combination of Traditional Chinese Medicine Molecular Chemistry (CTCMMC) strategy, synthesized and tested systematically not only for anticonvulsant activity in three mouse models but also for LDH inhibitory activity. Thereinto, 68-70 and 75 displayed excellent and broad spectra of anticonvulsant activities with modest ability in preventing neuropathic pain, as well as low neurotoxicity. The protective indices of these four compounds compared favorably with stiripentol, lacosamide, carbamazepine and valproic acid. 68-70 exhibited good LDH1 and LDH5 inhibitory activities with noncompetitive inhibition type, and were more potent than stiripentol. Notably, 70, as a representative agent, was also shown as a moderately positive allosteric modulator at human α1β2γ2 GABAA receptors (EC50 46.3 ± 7.3 μM). Thus, 68-70 were promising candidates for developing into anti-epileptic drugs, especially for treatment of refractory epilepsies such as Dravet syndrome.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Polygala tatarinowii
Noncompetitive Inhibition
Infantile Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy
Epilepsy
Carbamazepine
Protein kinase modulator
Drug Resistant Epilepsy
Pharmacologic Substance
Analogs & derivatives
Lactic acid dehydrogenase isoenzyme 5

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