Polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin gallate protection from ischemia/reperfusion-induced renal injury in normotensive and hypertensive rats

Transplantation Proceedings
Y H JangH R Park


The effect of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in an in vivo renal model of ischemia with reperfusion (I/R) was compared between normotensive (WKR) and hypertensive (SHR) rats. WKR (groups I, II, III) and SHR groups (groups IV, V, VI) were divided into three types. Groups I and IV were sham-operated animals; groups II and V were subjected to 45 minutes of renal I/R; and groups III and VI received 10 mg/kg EGCG intravenously at the time of reperfusion. Three days after renal I/R, we compared renal function markers, malondialdehyde (MDA), and histologic changes. Following renal I/R, levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (sCr) were increased and serum creatinine clearance (CrCl) decreased in group V compared to group II (P < .001). Those receiving EGCG treatment (groups III and VI) had decreased BUN and sCr compared to non-EGCG I/R groups (P < .001), but not surprisingly, higher than sham groups. CrCl was lowest in the SHR groups. The MDA was significantly decreased after EGCG treatment (P = .028 in group III, P = .002 in group VI). Following renal I/R, tissue necrosis was more severe among SHR (P < .001). However, the ratio of regeneration to damage significantly increased in SHR after EGCG treatment. The reperf...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Epigallocatechin gallate
Blood Urea Nitrogen Measurement
Hypertensive Disease
Rats, Inbred SHR
Renal Blood Flow
Reperfusion Injury

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