Polysomnographic effects of hypnotic drugs. A review
This review aims at providing a critical assessment of the effects of the most widely used benzodiazepine (flurazepam, flunitrazepam, temazepam, triazolam) and non-benzodiazepine (zopiclone and zolpidem) hypnotic drugs, based on the recording of polysomnographic variables. In the light of newly acquired neurophysiological data on the microstructure of sleep, this paper reconsiders the problem of insomnia and the current ideas on polysomnography and hypnotic drugs.
Evoked K-complexes and cardiovascular responses to spindle-synchronous and spindle-asynchronous stimulus clicks during NREM sleep
Self-reports versus sleep laboratory findings in 122 drug-free subjects with complaints of chronic insomnia
Repeated injections of cocaine inhibit the serotonergic regulation of prolactin and renin secretion in rats
Evaluation of EEG cyclic alternating pattern during sleep in insomniacs and controls under placebo and acute treatment with zolpidem
Effects of zolpidem and flunitrazepam on nocturnal sleep of women subjectively complaining of insomnia
Modifications of sleep structure induced by increasing levels of acoustic perturbation in normal subjects
Considerations on a group of 13 patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in the region of Parma (Italy)
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Administration of triazolam prior to recovery sleep: effects on sleep architecture, subsequent alertness and performance
Effects of zopiclone on sleep, daytime somnolence and nocturnal and daytime performance in healthy volunteers
Variations of cyclic alternating pattern rate and homeostasis of sleep organization: a controlled study on the effects of white noise and zolpidem
Modulation of delta activity by hypnotics in middle-aged subjects: studies with a benzodiazepine (flurazepam) and a cyclopyrrolone (zopiclone)
Daytime sleepiness as a criterion in hypnotic medication trials: comparison of triazolam and flurazepam
Comparison between the central effects of camazepam and temazepam. Computerized analysis of sleep recordings
Psycho-social stress, insomnia and temazepam: a sleep laboratory evaluation in a "general practice" sample
Sleep spindle and delta changes during chronic use of a short-acting and a long-acting benzodiazepine hypnotic
Effect of a single dose (10 mg) of zolpidem on visual and spectral analysis of sleep in young poor sleepers
Effects of feed additives and veterinary drugs on aldosterone production and release by porcine adrenal cells in vitro
Zolpidem and rebound insomnia--a double-blind, controlled polysomnographic study in chronic insomniac patients
Pilot controlled double-blind study of the hypnotic effects of zolpidem in patients with chronic 'learned' insomnia: psychometric and polysomnographic evaluation
Insomnia in generalized anxiety disorder: polysomnographic, psychometric and clinical investigations before, during and after therapy with a long- versus a short-half-life benzodiazepine (quazepam versus triazolam)
Effects of zopiclone, flunitrazepam, triazolam and levomepromazine on the transient change in sleep-wake schedule: polygraphic study, and the evaluation of sleep and daytime condition
Changes of cyclic alternating pattern (CAP) parameters in situational insomnia under brotizolam and triazolam
Polysomnographic analysis of arousal responses in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome by means of the cyclic alternating pattern
Proposed supplements and amendments to 'A Manual of Standardized Terminology, Techniques and Scoring System for Sleep Stages of Human Subjects', the Rechtschaffen & Kales (1968) standard
Short-term treatment with gaboxadol improves sleep maintenance and enhances slow wave sleep in adult patients with primary insomnia
Spike-wave discharge and the microstructure of sleep-wake continuum in idiopathic generalised epilepsy
Effect of repeated gaboxadol administration on night sleep and next-day performance in healthy elderly subjects
Japanese sake yeast supplementation improves the quality of sleep: a double-blind randomised controlled clinical trial
Efficacy of the selective extrasynaptic GABA A agonist, gaboxadol, in a model of transient insomnia: a randomized, controlled clinical trial
Incidence, Characterization, and Predictors of Sleep Apnea in Consecutive Brain Injury Rehabilitation Admissions
Rhythmic movement disorder and cyclic alternating pattern during sleep: a video-polysomnographic study in a 9-year-old boy
Effect of zolpidem on sleep architecture and its next-morning residual effect in insomniac patients: a randomized crossover comparative study with brotizolam
Efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia associated with traumatic brain injury: a single-case experimental design
Objective and subjective sleep quality: Melatonin versus placebo add-on treatment in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder withdrawing from long-term benzodiazepine use
Effects of long-term use of clonazepam on nonrapid eye movement sleep patterns in rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder
An observational clinical and video-polysomnographic study of the effects of clonazepam in REM sleep behavior disorder
A double-blind comparative study of zolpidem versus zopiclone in the treatment of chronic primary insomnia
Comparison of continuous versus intermittent administration of zolpidem in chronic insomniacs: a double-blind, randomized pilot study
Alterations in cyclic alternating pattern associated with phase advanced sleep are differentially modulated by gaboxadol and zolpidem
Insight Into Reduction of Wakefulness by Suvorexant in Patients With Insomnia: Analysis of Wake Bouts
Effects of onion extract containing concentrated cysteine sulfoxides on sleep quality: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study
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