Polysynovitis after oligofructose overload in dairy cattle

Journal of Comparative Pathology
A M DanscherO L Nielsen

Abstract

Acute bovine laminitis is a systemic disease with local manifestations primarily affecting the claws. However, distension of the tarsocrural joints has been observed after experimental oligofructose overload in dairy heifers as a part of the complex interpreted as acute, clinical laminitis. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to study bovine synovial joints and tendon sheaths after oligofructose overload. Ten dairy heifers received oral oligofructose overload (17 g/kg body weight); four were killed 24h after overload and six after 72 h. Six control heifers received tap water and were killed after 72 or 96 h. Clinical examination included locomotion scoring and palpation of the tarsocrural joints. Ruminal fluid and blood was collected for measurements of pH and hydration status. Total protein concentrations and white blood cell (WBC) counts were determined in synovial fluid collected from tarsocrural joints after death. Synovial joints and tendon sheaths were examined and synovial membranes were studied microscopically. Swabs taken from the synovial cavities were subject to bacteriological culture. Heifers with oligofructose overload developed signs of ruminal and systemic acidosis. Lameness was observed in three of ten ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jul 24, 2015·BMC Veterinary Research·Shu-Wei DongZhi-Qiang Yang
Jan 12, 2010·Journal of Dairy Science·A M DanscherO Wattle
Jul 9, 2014·Preventive Veterinary Medicine·Andrés Schlageter-TelloKees Lokhorst
Oct 4, 2016·Journal of Animal Science·M J CallaghanV E A Perry
Jul 5, 2019·BMC Veterinary Research·Alejandra I HidalgoRafael Agustín Burgos
Jan 5, 2021·Frontiers in Veterinary Science·Shuaichen LiNa Zhang
Nov 19, 2020·Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI·Carolina ManosalvaRafael Agustín Burgos

Related Concepts

Oligofructose
Bos indicus
Cattle Diseases
Cell Density
Inflammation
Differential White Blood Cell Count Procedure
Leukocytes
Neutrophil Band Cells
Oligosaccharides
Synovial Fluid

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