Jun 15, 2016

Population Structure Analysis of Globally Diverse Bull Genomes

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Neo Christopher Chung

Abstract

Since domestication, population bottlenecks, breed formation, and selective breeding have radically shaped the genealogy and genetics of Bos taurus. In turn, characterization of population structure among globally diverse bull genomes enables detailed assessment of genetic resources and origins. By analyzing 432 unrelated bull genomes from 13 breeds and 16 countries, we demonstrate genetic diversity and structural complexity among the global bull population. Importantly, we relaxed a strong assumption of discrete or admixed population, by adapting latent variable models for individual-specific allele frequencies that directly capture a wide range of complex structure from genome-wide genotypes. We identified a highly complex population structure that defies the conventional hypothesis based on discrete membership and contributes to pervasive genetic differentiation in bull genomes. As measured by magnitude of differentiation, selection pressure on SNPs within genes is substantially greater than that on intergenic regions. Additionally, broad regions of chromosome 6 harboring largest genetic differentiation suggest positive selection underlying population structure. We carried out gene set analysis using SNP annotations to ident...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genetic Drift
Buffaloes
Selective Breeding
Genome
Genes
Bos taurus
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6
Evaluation
Cell Differentiation Process
Chromosomes

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