Porosity and color of maxillofacial silicone elastomer

Journal of Prosthodontics : Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Muhanad M Hatamleh, David C Watts


Prosthesis color production and stability as a result of pore entrapment during mixing has not been investigated for maxillofacial silicone prostheses. The purpose of this study was to investigate pore numbers and percentages of a maxillofacial silicone elastomer mixed by two different techniques, using X-ray microfocus computerized tomography (Micro-CT), and to investigate the effect of porosity on color reproducibility and stability after two different aging conditions. Sixty-four disk-shaped specimens were prepared (8-mm diameter, 3-mm thick) by mixing TechSil S25 silicone elastomer (Technovent, Leeds, UK) following two techniques: manual mixing (n = 32) and mechanical mixing under vacuum (n = 32). Half the specimens in each group were intrinsically pigmented, and the other half remained unpigmented. Pore numbers, volumes, and percentages were calculated using the Micro-CT, and then specimens of each subgroup were stored in simulated sebum for 6 months (n = 8), and exposed to accelerated daylight aging for 360 hours (n = 8). Color change (ΔE) was measured at the start and end of conditioning. Pore numbers and percentages were analyzed using one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Dunnett's-T3 post-hoc tests (p < 0.05). Inde...Continue Reading


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