May 21, 2020

Portable solid sensor supported in nylon for silver ion determination: testing its liberation as biocide

Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Sara Bocanegra-RodríguezPilar Campíns-Falcó


This paper reports the fabrication and utility of a new solid sensor, which allows the quantitation of silver ions acting as catalyst at the low micromolar level. The optical sensor was prepared by incorporating both reagents, pyrogallol red (PGR) and 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen), in a nylon membrane. The effect of parameters in determining silver-catalyzed oxidation of PGR by persulfate in the presence of Phen as an activator was studied and optimized for achieving suitable sensitivity. Semiquantitative analysis can be performed by visual inspection of the color of the sensor by comparing it with standard responses and quantitative analysis can be carried out by its diffuse reflectance (DR) measurement or by a digital image-processing tool (GIMP) using a smartphone. The sensor exhibited a linear relationship toward Ag(I) concentrations ranging from 0.4 to 10 μM or 1-25 μM and limits of detection of 0.1 μM or 0.3 μM for incubation times of 50 and 30 min, respectively. The relative standard deviation achieved for several batches of sensors was around 2%. The analysis of water samples from tap and refrigerating circuits containing solid biocides, which leach silver ions, prove that this portable and sustainable sensor is successful...Continue Reading

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