Positional disparity sensitivity of neurons in the cat accessory optic system

Vision Research
K L Grasse

Abstract

There is considerable evidence supporting the view that the accessory optic system (AOS) and the closely associated nucleus of the optic tract (NOT) provide visual signals used in the control of optokinetic nystagmus (OKN). In frontal-eyed animals such as the cat and primate, the high degree of overlap in the visual fields of each eye, along with a substantial projection from the visual cortex, gives rise to an increased incidence of binocularly responsive neurons in the AOS. In previous studies, my collaborators and I have shown that visual cortical input to the AOS mediates ipsilateral eye responses and high speed tuning, and can function independently of the contralateral eye. However, beyond fairly gross assessments such as these, the binocular interactions of AOS cells have not been subject to detailed examination. The present study set out to determine whether the responses of binocular cells in the dorsal terminal nucleus (DTN) of the AOS are sensitive to horizontal retinal disparity. Single units were recorded from the DTN of anaesthetized, paralysed cats. A large random-dot pattern was moved under computer control at a constant velocity in the preferred and non-preferred direction. Convergent and divergent disparities ...Continue Reading

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