Mar 12, 2002

Positional effect of deletions on viability, especially on encapsidation, of Brome mosaic virus D-RNA in barley protoplasts

Tri Asmira DamayantiTetsuro Okuno


Brome mosaic virus (BMV), a tripartite RNA plant virus, accumulates RNA3-derived defective RNAs (D-RNAs) in which 477-500 nucleotides (nt) are deleted in the central region of the 3a protein open reading frame (ORF), after prolonged infection in barley. In the present study, six artificial D-RNAs (AD-RNAs), having deletions of the same size as the naturally occurring D-RNA but at different positions in the 3a ORF, were constructed and tested for their amplification and encapsidation in barley protoplasts by coinoculation with BMV RNA1 and 2, or RNA1, 2, and 3. Northern blot analysis of RNA accumulation in total and virion fractions showed that deletions of 492 nt in the 3'-proximal and the 5'-proximal regions of the 3a ORF decreased encapsidation efficiency of the AD-RNAs compared with that of RNA3, whereas deletions in the central region enhanced encapsidation efficiency. The present results also show that deletion positions affect competition with RNA3 in the amplification and encapsidation of AD-RNAs.

Mentioned in this Paper

Northern Blotting
Gene Deletion Abnormality
Gene Deletion
DNA-like RNA
5' Untranslated Regions
Packaging, Virus
Gene Amplification Technique

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.