Positive family history of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss.

European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology : Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : Affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
A GäcklerE Kunstmann

Abstract

Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) is a heterogenic disease. Multiple factors influencing aetiology and prognosis are discussed. A retrospective clinical characterisation and analysis of family history of ISSNHL patients was performed to investigate influences on the disease. 186 inpatients diagnosed with ISSNHL were characterised by health records and a standardised questionnaire. Audiograms were observed. 75 controls that had never experienced an event of ISSNHL were questioned about family members being affected by ISSNHL. 63.4% of all patients could be assigned to at least one group with similar causes of ISSNHL (noise exposure, positive family history, infectious diseases, hypothyroidism and fibromuscular dysplasia). A positive family history for ISSNHL has not been reported so far. Therefore, we accentuated the characterisation of patients with positive family history. 21.4% affirmed a positive family history. In ten families, at least two family members were reported as ISSNHL patients. In comparison with patients with negative family history, they tend to be younger, experience more events of ISSNHL and show less improvement of hearing abilities under therapeutic treatment (non-significant). Differenc...Continue Reading

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Citations

Apr 16, 2011·Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery·Frank HaubnerTobias Kleinjung
Aug 18, 2020·Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal·Virginia CorazziStavros Hatzopoulos

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