Positivity for antinuclear antibody in patients with advanced rheumatoid arthritis

Acta Medica Okayama
S NishimuraK Hashimoto


Some patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as well as those with other collagen diseases are positive for antinuclear antibody (ANA). We investigated the frequency of positivity for ANA in 104 patients with RA and evaluated the clinical features and laboratory data in the ANA-positive and -negative groups. The presence of ANA in sera was studied by indirect immunofluorescence using HEp-2 cells as the antigen substrate. Sera with a positive fluorescence at a dilution of 1:20 were considered to be positive for ANA. Of the 104 patients, 39 (37.5%) were positive for ANA. The staining pattern in the positive cases varied, but most were speckled (64.1%) and homogeneous (48.7%). A small number showed a nucleolar (20.5%) or a centromere (10.3%) pattern. None showed a shaggy pattern. The ANA titer was lower in RA patients compared with those with other collagen-related diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus or progressive systematic sclerosis. None of the patients positive for ANA with either a nucleolar or centromere staining pattern had progressive systemic sclerosis or the CREST syndrome. One patient each had Raynaud's phenomenon and pulmonary fibrosis. There was no correlation between ANA positivity and indicators of joint ...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Fluorescent Antinuclear Antibodies
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Statistical Sensitivity
Indirect Immunofluorescence

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