Aug 17, 2019

Positron Emission Tomography in Pediatric Neurodegenerative Disorders

Pediatric Neurology
Harry T Chugani

Abstract

Application of molecular neuroimaging using positron emission tomographic techniques to assess pediatric neurodegenerative disorders has been limited, unlike in adults where positron emission tomography has contributed to clinical diagnosis, monitoring of neurodegenerative disease progression, and assessment of novel therapeutic approaches. Yet, there is a huge unexplored potential of molecular imaging to improve our understanding of the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative disorders in children and provide radiological biomarkers that can be applied clinically. The obstacles in performing PET scans on children include sedation, radiation exposure, and access but, as will be illustrated, these barriers can be easily overcome. In this review, we summarize findings from PET studies that have been performed over the past three decades on children with various neurodegenerative disorders, including the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses, juvenile Huntington disease, Wilson disease, Niemann-Pick disease type C, Dravet syndrome, dystonia, mitochondrial disorders, inborn errors of metabolism, lysosomal storage diseases, dysmyelinating disorders, Rett syndrome, neurotransmitter disorders, glucose transporter Glut 1 deficiency, and Lesch-Ny...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations1

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Molecular Imaging
Study
Positron-Emission Tomography
Juvenile Huntington Disease
Infantile Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy
Epilepsy
Neurons
Excitatory Amino Acid Transporter 2
Nerve Degeneration

Related Feeds

Astrocytes & Huntington’s Disease

Astrocytes are abundant within the central nervous system and their dysfunction has been thought to be an important contributor to some neurodegenerative diseases, in particular Huntington’s disease. Damage to these cells may make neurons more susceptible to degeneration. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and Huntington’s disease.