Oct 21, 1986

Possible basis for the apparent surface selectivity of the contact activation of human blood coagulation factor XII

M A GriepG L Nelsestuen


The activation of factor XII by the proteases factor XIIa and kallikrein is known to be greatly enhanced by certain negatively charged surfaces. Studies that compared factor XII surface binding to factor XII activation found that binding alone was insufficient to account for surface enhancement of the activation rate. The temperature dependence of the reaction showed unusual behavior that may be related to the conformational change of factor XII following binding; the rate of factor XII activation had a relatively low temperature optimum (0-47 degrees C) that was sensitive to choice of surface and salt concentration. In temperature studies, below 47 degrees C, the decrease in the activation rate was not related to the thermal denaturation of enzyme or substrate, nor to the choice of activator enzyme (factor XIIa or kallikrein), nor to the species of factor XII (human or bovine) but to a behavior, designated a thermal transition, associated with the surface or the protein-surface interaction. The previously reported surface selectivity of contact activation is possible due to the temperature characteristics and other properties of the thermal transition; a surface that has a low-temperature thermal transition and that is highly ...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations23


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Peptide Fragments
Sodium Chloride, (24)NaCl
Hageman-Factor Fragments
Factor XII
Enzyme Activation
Scattering, Radiation

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.