Jan 1, 1975

Possible occurrence for histidyl and cysteyl residues in the catalytic center of rat liver mitochondrial D (-)-beta-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase

Biochimie
N Latruffe, Y Gaudemer

Abstract

1. Rat liver mitochondrial D(-)-beta-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (submitochondrial particles and partially purified preparation) is inhibited by some dicarboxylates, especially by malonate and succinate. The inhibition is reversible and competitive with beta-hydroxybutyrate while uncompetitive with acetoacetate, NAD and NADH: the inhibition is maximal at pH 6 and decrease with increasing pH. 2. Diethylpyrocarbonate (which reacts preferentially with histidyl residues at pH 6.6) inactivates the dehydrogenase at pH 6.1, beta-hydroxybutyrate protects against inactivation, this inactivation being almost completely released by hydroxylamine. The diethylpyrocarbonate-treated enzyme shows an absorbance increase at 242 nm which is characterisitic of reaction between diethylpyrocarbonate and histidyl residue. 3. The optimum pH of the enzyme for beta-hydroxybutyrate oxidation is around 8.2, while for acetoacetate reduction, the optimum pH is around 7. 4. All these results favour the existence of a histidyl residue in the catalytic center and taking into account previous results concerning the effect of thiol reagents on the same enzyme and especially, the protective effect of NAD+ and NADH against these reagents [11] we discuss the poss...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Histidine
Formic Acids
Mitochondria, Liver
Dicarboxylic Acids
Diethyl Pyrocarbonate
Chloromercuribenzoates
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Malonates
3-Hydroxybutyrate Dehydrogenase
Metazoa

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.