Possible relationship between insulin resistance and remnant-like lipoprotein particles in coronary endothelial dysfunction
Teruo InoueS Morooka
High insulin resistance and elevated remnant lipoprotein levels both correlate with impaired coronary vascular endothelial function. Hyperinsulinemia induces abnormalities of lipid metabolism. However, the correlation among insulin resistance, remnant lipoproteins, and endothelial function has not been clinically elucidated. This study was designed to elucidate the correlation among insulin resistance, remnant lipoproteins, and acetylcholine (ACh)-induced coronary artery response. Forty-nine patients suspected of having ischemic heart disease, but without angiographically significant atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, underwent an ACh provocation test. Fasting venous blood was taken early in the morning on the day coronary angiography was performed. The insulin resistance index (IR) was determined from fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations, using the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA). Serum levels of remnant-like lipoprotein particle cholesterol (RLP-C) were measured. Homeostasis model assessment IR was significantly higher (3.65 +/- 1.38 vs. 0.75 +/- 0.14, p < 0.05) and log-transformed HOMA (Log HOMA) was even more significantly higher (0.20 +/- 0.12 vs. -0.29 +/- 0.08, p < 0.001) in the ACh-positive group ...Continue Reading
Serum cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B (APOB)-containing lipoproteins (very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), immediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), lipoprotein A (LPA)) and the total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ratio are all connected in diseases. Here is the latest research.