Post-anesthesia recovery after infusion of propofol with remifentanil or alfentanil or fentanyl in morbidly obese patients

Obesity Surgery
Tomasz M GaszynskiWojciech P Gaszynski


The type of opioid used during general anesthesia in the morbidly obese influences recovery and the postoperative period. In a randomized clinical trial, the postoperative recovery profile and early period after general anesthesia with remifentanil, fentanyl and alfentanil were compared in morbidly obese patients. 60 morbidly obese patients with BMI >35 kg/m(2) (mean 43.31) undergoing open Roux-en-y gastric bypass were randomly divided into 3 groups: remifentanil (R), fentanyl (F), and alfentanil (A). Dosage of opioids was based on ideal body weight (IBW): fentanyl 5 mcg/kg for intubation followed by infusion of 0.025-0.05 mcg/kg/min; alfentanil 15 mcg/kg initially, then 1.0-1.5 mcg kg/min; and remifentanil 1 mcg/kg followed by infusion of 0.25-1.5 mcg/kg/min. Anesthesia was induced with infusion of propofol and oxygen with N(2)O (1:1). After anesthesia, the duration to response to verbal command, spontaneous respiration, adequate respiration, and safe extubation were recorded. The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting were recorded. Using verbal scale for evaluation of postoperative pain, the early postoperative analgesia requirements were assessed. Demographic profiles and duration of procedure did not differ between...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Remifentanil monohydrochloride
General Anesthesia
Visual Analog Pain Scale
Pain, Postoperative
Postoperative Period
Roux-en-Y Gastrojejunostomy
Propofol Rovi

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