Nov 5, 2016

Post-GWAS Prioritization Through Data Integration Provides Novel Insights on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Statistics in Biosciences
Qiongshi LuHongyu Zhao

Abstract

Rich collections of genomic and epigenomic annotations, availabilities of large population cohorts for genome-wide association studies (GWAS), and advancements in data integration techniques provide the unprecedented opportunity to accelerate discoveries in complex disease studies through integrative analyses. In this paper, we apply a variety of approaches to integrate GWAS summary statistics of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with functional annotations to illustrate how data integration could help researchers understand complex human diseases. We show that incorporating functional annotations can better prioritize GWAS signals at both the global and the local levels. Signal prioritization on severe COPD GWAS reveals multiple potential risk loci that are linked with pulmonary functions. Enrichment analysis provides novel insights on the pathogenesis of COPD and hints the existence of genetic contributions to muscle dysfuncion and chronic lung inflammation, two symptoms that are often co-morbid with COPD. Our results suggest that rich signals for COPD genetics are still buried under the Bonferroni-corrected genome-wide significance threshold. Many more biological findings are expected to emerge as more samples are...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
Pathogenic Aspects
Pathogenesis
Genome
Research Personnel
Myopathy
COPD pharmacologic substance
Genomics
Gene Annotation

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