PMID: 7931949May 1, 1994Paper

Posterior chamber lens implantation for primary repair of corneal lacerations and traumatic cataracts in children

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
M AnwarF Attia


Children older than 3 years of age rarely tolerate contact lenses for unilateral surgical aphakia. This problem is even more pronounced following repair of corneal lacerations or perforations that are associated with traumatic cataracts. Even if surgery is successful, such eyes are functionally doomed because of deep anisometropic amblyopia. We evaluated prospectively in 15 children (3 to 8 years) the results of combined operation of corneal repair, aspiration of traumatic cataract, and primary posterior chamber lens implantation. Postoperative occlusion treatment was carefully monitored. Follow up ranged from 6 to 60 months, with an average of 39.2 months. The final best corrected visual acuity at the patient's last visit was 20/40 or better in 11 of 15 children (73.3%). The most frequent complication was a nonfunctional pupil due to traumatic iris damage or posterior synechiae in 13 cases. The most visually significant complication was posterior membrane formation and/or posterior capsule opacification, which required additional surgeries in six children.

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