PMID: 869248Jul 1, 1977Paper

Potencies of neuromuscular blocking agents at the receptors of the atrial pacemaker and the motor endplate of the guinea pig

S L Son, B E Waud


Drug receptor dissociation constants (KB) were determined for four neuromuscular relaxants at the cardiac pacemaker as well as at the motor endplate. The ratios KB(atrium)/KB(lumbrical) were found to be high for d-tubocurarine and dimethyltubocurarine, 264 and 136, respectively. Thus, interaction at muscarinic sites would occur only with large doses of these drugs. In contrast, the ratios were low for pancuronium and gallamine, 5.3 and 2.4, respectively. Hence, the concentrations of these drugs needed for clinical neuromuscular blockade would occupy appreciable fractions of cardiac muscarinic receptors, and thus might produce vagal blockade and thereby produce the tachycardia seen clinically with these two agents.


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Related Concepts

Chemoreceptor Cells
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Right Atrial Structure
Cardiac Conduction System
Motor Endplate
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
Nerve-Muscle Preparation
Pancuronium Curamed

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