Potential Drug-Drug Interactions Among Critically Ill Pediatric Patients in a Tertiary Pulmonary Center

Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Maryam HassanzadShadi Baniasadi

Abstract

Patients in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) are at increased risk of potential drug-drug interactions (pDDIs) because of the complexity of pharmacotherapy. The current study aimed to assess the rate, pattern, risk factors, and management of pDDIs in the PICU of an academic pulmonary hospital. A prospective observational study was conducted for 6 months. Pharmacotherapy data of PICU-admitted patients were evaluated by a clinical pharmacologist. Interacting drugs, reliability, mechanism, potential outcome, and clinical management of pDDIs were identified using the Lexi-Interact database. Logistic regression was applied to analyze the risk factors that could be associated with the interactions. One hundred and twenty-three medication profiles were evaluated during the study period. Diseases of the respiratory system were the main diagnoses among intensive care unit (ICU)-admitted patients (56.1%). A total of 38.6% of the patients exposed to at least 1 major and/or contraindicated interaction during ICU admission. Most pDDIs occurred through metabolic (35.4%) and additive (34.8%) mechanisms. The existence of pDDIs was significantly associated with the number of prescribed medications. Exposure to pDDIs is frequent in criti...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Teens
Drug Interactions
Drug Utilization
Hospitals, University
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
Critical Illness
Drug Toxicity
Didanosine
Pharmacotherapy
Pharmaceutical Preparations

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