PMID: 11229009Mar 7, 2001

Potential of freezing in wastewater treatment: soluble pollutant applications

Water Research
O LorainY Aurelle


When wastewater containing only soluble pollutants is frozen gradually, ice crystals grow from the pure water only, while pollutants are rejected into the liquid phase thus increasing their concentration. In this way, pure water can be removed from various wastewaters. Two kinds of wastewater were studied: synthetic wastewater containing water and one or more soluble pollutants, and industrial wastewaters (urban wastewater and cutting oil wastewater). In most cases, separation efficiency close to 100% was achieved. A large range of pollutant concentrations was studied in order to determine the limits of freezing separation.


Dec 3, 2011·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Abul Hossain Molla, A Fakhru'l-Razi
Jul 3, 2016·Water Research·Jian ChangTai-Shung Chung
Feb 27, 2007·Journal of Hazardous Materials·A Fakhru'l-Razi, Abul Hossain Molla
Dec 18, 2013·ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces·Benjamin DelattreAntoni P Tomsia
Jan 18, 2017·Soft Matter·P A AlbouyJ Perez
Feb 6, 2018·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Abul Hossain Molla, Haider Iqbal Khan
Sep 15, 2009·Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy·Jens C Thimm
Sep 14, 2002·Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology·Md Zahangir AlamSuraini Abd-Aziz
Aug 9, 2008·Water Environment Research : a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation·W GaoM Habib
Sep 27, 2018·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Huan HuangHonghan Chen
Jun 19, 2007·Water Environment Research : a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation·W GaoY Li

Related Concepts

Crystal - Body Material
Landfill Leachate
Water Treatment
Crystal Structure
Crystal Present Or Absent (Lab Procedure)
Cutting oil

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.