Significant congenital heart disease (sCHD) affects 3.6 per 1000 births, and is often associated with extracardiac and chromosomal anomalies. Although early mortality has been substantially reduced and the rate of long-term survival has improved, sCHD is, after preterm birth, the second most frequent cause of neonatal infant death. The prenatal detection of cardiac and vascular abnormalities enables optimal parental counselling and perinatal management. Echocardiography (ECG) is the first-line examination and gold standard by which cardiac malformations are defined. However, adequate examination by an experienced healthcare provider with modern technical imaging equipment is required. In addition, maternal factors and the gestational age may lower the image quality. Fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been implemented over the last several years and is already used in the clinical routine as a second-line approach to assess fetal abnormalities. MRI of the fetal heart is still not routinely performed. Nevertheless, fetal cardiac MRI has the potential to complement ultrasound in detecting cardiovascular malformations and extracardiac lesions. The present work reviews the potential of MRI to delineate the anatomy and pathol...Continue Reading
The four-chamber view: four reasons why it seems to fail in screening for cardiac abnormalities and suggestions to improve detection rate
American Society of Echocardiography guidelines and standards for performance of the fetal echocardiogram
Timing of presentation and postnatal outcome of infants suspected of having coarctation of the aorta during fetal life
Sequential segmental analysis in complex fetal cardiac abnormalities: a logical approach to diagnosis
Epidemiologic features of the presentation of critical congenital heart disease: implications for screening
Assessment of congenital heart disease (CHD): is there a role for fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)?
Feasibility of MRI of the fetal heart with balanced steady-state free precession sequence along fetal body and cardiac planes
Fetal MRI of the cardiovascular system: role of steady-state free precession sequences for the evaluation of normal and pathological appearances
In vivo MRI measurement of fetal blood oxygen saturation in cardiac ventricles of fetal sheep: a feasibility study
Prenatal echocardiographic diagnosis of cardiac right/left axis and malpositions according to standardized Cordes technique
Postmortem examination of human fetal hearts at or below 20 weeks' gestation: a comparison of high-field MRI at 9.4 T with lower-field MRI magnets and stereomicroscopic autopsy
'I-shaped' sign in the upper mediastinum: a novel potential marker for antenatal diagnosis of d-transposition of the great arteries
Outcome of infants with prenatally diagnosed congenital heart disease delivered outside specialist paediatric cardiac centres
Feasibility of quantification of the distribution of blood flow in the normal human fetal circulation using CMR: a cross-sectional study
Comparison of the offset distance of the tricuspid septal leaflet in neonates with Ebstein's anomaly and neonates with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum
Pattern-based approach to fetal congenital cardiovascular anomalies using the transverse aortic arch view on prenatal cardiac MRI
MR imaging of fetal cardiac malposition and congenital cardiovascular anomalies on the four-chamber view
Discordances Between Pre-Natal and Post-Natal Diagnoses of Congenital Heart Diseases and Impact on Care Strategies
Evaluation of a Portable Doppler Ultrasound Gating Device for Fetal Cardiac MR Imaging: Initial Results at 1.5T and 3T
Free-breathing fetal cardiac MRI with doppler ultrasound gating, compressed sensing, and motion compensation
Does pre-scanning training improve the image quality of children receiving magnetic resonance imaging?: A meta-analysis of current studies
Fetal cardiac MRI: a single center experience over 14-years on the potential utility as an adjunct to fetal technically inadequate echocardiography
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