Oct 26, 2018

Potential role of fecal volatile organic compounds as biomarkers of chemically induced intestinal inflammation in mice

FASEB Journal : Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Sophie ReadeC S Probert

Abstract

Metabolomics studies have the potential to discover biomarkers. Fecal volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been found to differ in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome. Murine models of colitis offer an alternative to human studies in which diet can be controlled. We aimed to investigate fecal VOCs from mice in which acute and chronic colitis was induced. Groups of adult C57BL/6 mice underwent treatment with oral dextran sulfate sodium to induce colitis. Control mice received no treatment or had acute osmotic diarrhea induced with magnesium sulfate. Colitis was assessed clinically and by histology. Samples of feces and/or colon contents were collected and volatile compounds determined by solid phase microextraction-GC-MS. Statistics were performed using metabolomics tools. Acute colitis was associated with an increase in aldehydes and chronic colitis with one specific ketone. Osmotic diarrhea was associated with a significant reduction in VOCs, especially alcohols. We provide evidence that the identification of disease-associated VOC concentration ranges, combined with specific marker compounds, would potentially increase the likelihood of finding an inflammatory bowel disease-specific fecal V...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Study
Alcohols
Diet
Histology Procedure
C57BL/6 Mouse
Tumor Markers, Biological
Murine
Chronic Colitis
Acute Colitis

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