Jul 1, 1989

Potentiated nephrotoxicity of cisplatin when combined with amikacin comparing young and adult rats

Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
H T JongejanJ C Molenaar

Abstract

We compared the nephrotoxic interaction between cisplatin (CP) and amikacin (AM) in young and adult rats, using different dosage combinations. Following a single i.v. dose of CP, AM was administered s.c. for 14 days. The dose of CP was chosen to cause a 20%-50% fall in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), while a dose of AM was chosen that had only a minimal effect on GFR. In adult rats, a decrease in GFR to 60% of the control value after CP alone was seriously aggravated by a non-toxic AM course given during 2 weeks after CP. In this combination, the GFR per 100 g body weight was reduced to 30% of control at week 2, which rose to 40% of control at week 15. In young rats, a non-toxic AM course did not aggravate the CP-induced impairment in GFR. However, when the dose of AM was increased to cause a 20% reduction in the GFR, the nephrotoxicity was potentiated. When measured at week 2, the GFR per 100 g body weight was 40% of control after the combined treatment compared with 80% of control after CP alone. As in adult rats, there was only a partial recovery of the GFR. In conclusion, in both adult and young rats, a course of AM following a single injection of CP potentiated CP-induced nephrotoxicity.

  • References8
  • Citations3

References

Mentioned in this Paper

A.M.K
August Rats
Hearing Loss, CISPLATIN-INDUCED, Susceptibility TO
Weighing Patient
Senility
Kidney
Amikacin
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Amikacin Assay
Drug Augmentation

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.