Mar 23, 2020

Potentiating the anti-tumor response of tumor infiltrated T cells by NAD+ supplementation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Y. WangGaofeng Fan


Tumor immunotherapies have provided clinical benefits, yet great potential remains for optimizing therapeutic effects. Here, we show that low NAD+ levels restrict the function of tumor infiltrating T lymphocytes (TILs). TILs harvested from human ovarian tumor tissues showed decreased NAD+ levels compared with T cells from paired peripheral blood samples. The combination of whole-genome CRISPR and large-scale metabolic inhibitor screens implicated the NAD+ biosynthesis enzyme nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) is required for T cell activation. Further isotopic labeling and LC-MS studies confirmed that NAD+ depletion suppressed mitochondrial energy biosynthesis in T cells. Excitingly, NAD+ supplementation significantly enhanced the tumor cell-killing efficacy of CAR-T cells ex vivo, and extended animal survive in both adoptive CAR-T model and immune checkpoint blockade treatment models in vivo. This study demonstrates an over-the-counter nutrient supplement NAD+ could robustly boost the efficacy of T cell-based immunotherapy and provides insights into the cellular basis of T cell metabolic reprogramming in treating cancers. One Sentence SummaryNAD+ supplementation during cancer immunotherapies significantly enhances...Continue Reading

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