PMID: 5904925Mar 12, 1966

Powassan virus: vernal spread during 1965

Canadian Medical Association Journal
D M McLeanA G Wilson


Powassan virus was isolated from seven pools of Ixodes cookei ticks removed from groundhogs (Marmota monax) collected near North Bay, Ontario, between May and August 1965, including five pools obtained during spring. Tick pools, each comprising one to nine ticks, contained 2.0 to 5.5 log(10) TCD(50) of virus upon titration in monolayer cultures of primary swine kidney cells. Powassan virus neutralizing antibody prevalence in sera of the current season's groundhogs increased steadily from zero during May to 25% during August but remained relatively unchanged (42% to 58%) in the previous season's groundhogs, thereby confirming that active infection had occurred particularly amongst juvenile groundhogs mainly during spring 1965. Isolation of one strain of Silverwater virus from Haemaphysalis leporis-palustris ticks and detection of neutralizing antibody in three of nine snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus) confirmed the active spread of this agent during 1965.

Related Concepts

Antigen-Antibody Reactions
Disease Vectors
Powassan virus
Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests
Neutralization Tests
Family Dipodidae
Seasonal Variation

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