May 28, 2020

PqsE Is Essential for RhlR-Dependent Quorum Sensing Regulation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

MSystems
Marie-Christine GroleauEric Déziel

Abstract

The bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa has emerged as a central threat in health care settings and can cause a large variety of infections. It expresses an arsenal of virulence factors and a diversity of survival functions, many of which are finely and tightly regulated by an intricate circuitry of three quorum sensing (QS) systems. The las system is considered at the top of the QS hierarchy and activates the rhl and pqs systems. It is composed of the LasR transcriptional regulator and the LasI autoinducer synthase, which produces 3-oxo-C12-homoserine lactone (3-oxo-C12-HSL), the ligand of LasR. RhlR is the transcriptional regulator for the rhl system and is associated with RhlI, which produces its cognate autoinducer C4-HSL. The third QS system is composed of the pqsABCDE operon and the MvfR (PqsR) regulator. PqsABCD synthetize 4-hydroxy-2-alkylquinolines (HAQs), which include ligands activating MvfR. PqsE is not required for HAQ production and instead is associated with the expression of genes controlled by the rhl system. While RhlR is often considered the main regulator of rhlI, we confirmed that LasR is in fact the principal regulator of C4-HSL production and that RhlR regulates rhlI and production of C4-HSL essentially only...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Operon
Ligands
Quorum Sensing
RhlR protein, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Pathogenesis
Environment
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
LuxI protein, Bacteria
World Health Organization
N-butanoyl-L-homoserine lactone

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