PMID: 12820359Jun 25, 2003Paper

Pre-analytical problems in the measurement of tumor type pyruvate kinase (tumor M2-PK)

Anticancer Research
G M OremekH W Wechsel

Abstract

Tumor M2-PK is an isoform of the glycolytic enzyme pyruvate kinase. This isoform exists in an active tetrameric and less active dimeric form. The dimeric form is expressed by various tumor cells and can be measured in blood by a specific ELISA. We included 500 healthy persons, 20 patients with an acute rheumatic disease (high CRP) and 30 patients with a nephropathy and proteinuria with more than 20 mg/dl. We measured Tumor M2-PK in each of these groups in different specimens of EDTA-plasma, serum, heparin-, citrate-, fluoride- and oxalate-plasma. We found different concentrations of Tumor M2-PK in healthy persons depending on the kind of specimen. The normal range of Tumor M2-PK concentration was higher in the serum than in the plasma, with 35 U/l compared to 15 U/l. In haemolytic material we found concentrations up to 80 U/l in healthy persons. Lipaemic or icteric serum material showed a higher concentration of Tumor M2-PK as well. In patients with a triglyceride concentration higher than 300 mg/dl, the normal range for Tumor M2-PK was measured between 30-50 U/l. Similar results were found in patients with icteric serum. Patients with an active rheumatic disease and elevated CRP concentration showed a Tumor M2-PK concentration...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Blood Chemical Analysis
Hemolysis
Lipidemias
Alloenzymes
Malignant Neoplasms
R-Type Pyruvate Kinase
Enthesopathy
Tumor Markers

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