Pre-synaptic inhibition of afferent feedback in the macaque spinal cord does not modulate with cycles of peripheral oscillations around 10 Hz

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ferran Galán, Stuart N Baker

Abstract

Spinal interneurons are partially phase-locked to physiological tremor around 10Hz. The phase of spinal interneuron activity is approximately opposite to descending drive to motoneurons, leading to partial phase cancellation and tremor reduction. Pre-synaptic inhibition of afferent feedback modulates during voluntary movements, but it is not known whether it tracks more rapid fluctuations in motor output such as during tremor. In this study, dorsal root potentials (DRPs) were recorded from the C8 and T1 roots in two macaque monkeys following intra-spinal micro-stimulation (random inter-stimulus interval 1.5-2.5 s, 30-100?A), whilst the animals performed an index finger flexion task which elicited peripheral oscillations around 10Hz. Forty one responses were identified with latency <5ms; these were narrow (mean width 0.59 ms), and likely resulted from antidromic activation of afferents following stimulation near terminals. Significant modulation during task performance occurred in 16/41 responses, reflecting terminal excitability changes generated by pre-synaptic inhibition (Wall?s excitability test). Stimuli falling during large-amplitude 8-12Hz oscillations in finger acceleration were extracted, and sub-averages of DRPs constr...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Fingers
Ganglia, Spinal
Interneurons
Macaca mulatta
Motor Neurons
Spinal Cord
Microbiology Procedure
Flexion, Function
Plant Roots
Essential Tremor

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