Feb 14, 2006

Predicting Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) from the Systemizing Quotient-Revised (SQ-R) and Empathy Quotient (EQ)

Brain Research
S WheelwrightA Wakabayashi

Abstract

Empathizing is a specific component of social cognition. Empathizing is also specifically impaired in autism spectrum condition (ASC). These are two dimensions, measurable using the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ). ASC also involves strong systemizing, a dimension measured using the Systemizing Quotient (SQ). The present study examined the relationship between the EQ, AQ and SQ. The EQ and SQ have been used previously to test for sex differences in 5 'brain types' (Types S, E, B and extremes of Type S or E). Finally, people with ASC have been conceptualized as an extreme of the male brain. We revised the SQ to avoid a traditionalist bias, thus producing the SQ-Revised (SQ-R). AQ and EQ were not modified. All 3 were administered online. Students (723 males, 1038 females) were compared to a group of adults with ASC group (69 males, 56 females). (1) To report scores from the SQ-R. (2) To test for SQ-R differences among students in the sciences vs. humanities. (3) To test if AQ can be predicted from EQ and SQ-R scores. (4) To test for sex differences on each of these in a typical sample, and for the absence of a sex difference in a sample with ASC if both males and females with ASC are hyper-masculinized...Continue Reading

  • References8
  • Citations184

References

  • References8
  • Citations184

Mentioned in this Paper

Neuro-Oncological Ventral Antigen 2
Entire Brain
Brain Diseases
Compassion
Personality Assessment
Brain
Structure of Left Hand
Autistic Disorder
Cognitive Function 1, Social
Factor Construct Rating Scales (Fcrs)

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