Jun 9, 2007

Predicting Pb bioavailability to freshwater microalgae in the presence of fulvic acid: algal cell density as a variable

Chemosphere
Vera I Slaveykova

Abstract

In order to better understand the relationship between lead speciation and its bioavailability in natural waters, the interactions between Pb(II), fulvic acid and the freshwater alga, Chlorella kesslerii were studied at various algal cell densities. An increase in cellular lead or fulvic acid adsorbed to algae was observed with decrease of the cell density from ca. 10(7) to 10(5)cells ml(-1). In the presence of fulvic acid, cellular Pb was greater than that expected for the same free lead ion concentrations in the absence of fulvic acid in agreement to our previous study. This effect was found to be more pronounced at lower cell density, in accordance with increased fulvic acid adsorption to algae. Good fit between experimental observations and model predictions of cellular Pb at various cell densities, was observed by assuming that fulvic acid adsorbed to algae give rise to additional binding sites for Pb(II). The findings of this study indicate that a further extension of the biotic ligand model which includes the formation of a ternary complex and cell density (or concentration) as an input parameter is needed to improve its site-specific predictive capacity, especially in the case of dissolved organic matter-rich surface wa...Continue Reading

  • References11
  • Citations7

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Microorganism
Benzopyrans
Humic Substances
Salmo salar
Filtration
Extracellular
Protoplasm
Uptake
Bos frontalis
Chlorella vulgaris

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