Prediction of Motor Imagery Tasks from Multi-Channel EEG Data for Brain-Computer Interface Applications

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M. O. MiahDewan Md. Farid

Abstract

The classification of motor imagery electroencephalogram (MI-EEG) is a pivotal part of the biosignal classification in the brain-computer interface (BCI) applications. Currently, this bio-engineering based technology is being employed by researchers in various fields to develop cutting edge applications. The classification of real-time MI-EEG signal is the core computing and challenging task in these applications. It is well-known that the existing classification methods are not so accurate due to the high dimensionality and dynamic behaviors of the real-time EEG data. To improve the classification performance of real-time BCI applications, this paper presents a clustering-based ensemble technique and a developed brain game that distinguishes different human thoughts. At first, we have gathered the brain signals, extracted and selected informative features from these signals to generate training and testing sets. After that, we have constructed several classifiers using Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Support Vector Machine (SVM), naive Bayes, Decision Tree (DT), Random Forest, Bagging, AdaBoost and compared the performance of these existing approaches with suggested clustering-based ensemble technique. On average, the propose...Continue Reading

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