PMID: 15847256Apr 26, 2005

Predictive factors of low HCO3- levels in peritoneal dialysis patients

Clinical Nephrology
E KasimatisD G Oreopoulos

Abstract

Metabolic acidosis is a major metabolic abnormality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and alkali is provided with dialysis treatment to patients on chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) to keep their acid-base balance within normal serum HCO3- levels. We examined the levels of venous serum HCO3- in 163 patients on CPD and the predictive factors for HCO3- levels low enough to indicate metabolic acidosis. The mean value for HCO3- was 26+/-2.4 mmol/l and for anion gap was 13.1+/-3.1 mEq/l. A serum bicarbonate concentration of less than 24 mmol/l, compatible with metabolic acidosis, was observed in 13.5% of the patients. In a multivariate analysis HCO3- levels were directly correlated with older age and use of CaCO3- as phosphate binders, and inversely associated with serum potassium, the use of sevelamer and low lactate dialysis solutions. Higher serum urea levels, the use of low lactate solutions and sevelamer instead of CaCO3 were significantly predictive factors for HCO3- levels < 24 mmol/l. Venous HCO3- and anion gap values were within the normal ranges in stable CPD patients. In 13.5% of them, however, chronic metabolic acidosis was observed based on venous HCO3- levels < 24 mmol/l. Dietary protein intake, the use of sevelamer an...Continue Reading

Citations

Feb 27, 2013·Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease·Karthik K Tennankore, Joanne M Bargman
Jul 15, 2016·Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association·P ChauveauChristian Combe
Oct 13, 2009·Renal Failure·Jan KlabochOtto Schück

Related Concepts

Metabolic Acidosis
Carbonic Acid Ions
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Peritoneal Dialysis
Retrospective Studies
Dialysis Solutions
Viral Markers

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
S KobayashiM Nagase
Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis : Official Peer-reviewed Journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy
Te-Chao FangBang-Gee Hsu
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved