Predictors of Poor Postoperative Outcomes in Pediatric Surgery Patients in Rural Ghana

ResearchSquare
Sarah PeifferPaddy Ssentongo

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Perioperative complications cause significant pediatric morbidity and mortality in low- and lower middle -income countries. This study investigates factors associated with prolonged length of stay, 90-day readmission and in-hospital mortality among pediatric patients at Eastern Regional Hospital (ERH) in Ghana. Methods: This is a retrospective review of perioperative morbidity and mortality in children <18 years at ERH in Koforidua, Ghana. All pediatric surgeries performed between January 2015 and December 2017 were included in this study . Univariate analysis was performed using Pearson’s chi-square tests or Fisher’s exact tests. Variables that were significant on univariate analysis were included in multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for age and gender.Results: We analyzed 468 patients <18 years of age with a median length of stay (LOS) of 3 days. The 90-day readmission and in-hospital mortality rates were 138 and 17 per 1000 patients, respectively. The most common procedures were herniorrhaphy (19%) and appendectomy (15%). Gastrointestinal surgery, surgical trauma, surgical infection and lack of insurance were significantly associated with prolonged LOS. Young age and female gender we...Continue Reading

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