Oct 5, 2010

Predictors of resuscitation in a swine model of ischemic and nonischemic ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest: superiority of amplitude spectral area and slope to predict a return of spontaneous circulation when resuscitation efforts are prolonged

Critical Care Medicine
Julia H IndikKarl B Kern

Abstract

We have demonstrated that a return of spontaneous circulation in the first 3 mins of resuscitation in swine is predicted by ventricular fibrillation waveform (amplitude spectral area or slope) when untreated ventricular fibrillation duration or presence of acute myocardial infarction is unknown. We hypothesized that in prolonged resuscitation efforts that return of spontaneous circulation immediately after a second or later shock with postshock chest compression is independently predicted by end-tidal CO2, coronary perfusion pressure, and ventricular fibrillation waveform measured before that shock in a swine model of ischemic and nonischemic ventricular fibrillation arrest. Animal intervention study with comparison to a control group. University animal laboratory. Twenty swine. Myocardial infarction was induced by steel plug occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Ventricular fibrillation was untreated for 8 mins in normal swine (n=10) and acute myocardial infarction swine (n=10). End-tidal CO2, coronary perfusion pressure, and ventricular fibrillation waveform characteristics of amplitude spectral area and slope were analyzed before second or later shocks. For an amplitude spectral area>35 mV-Hz, the odds r...Continue Reading

  • References28
  • Citations11

References

  • References28
  • Citations11

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Coronary Circulation
Ventricular Fibrillation
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Shock
Myocardial Infarction
Anterior Thoracic Region
Obstruction
Chest
Heart
Dental Occlusion

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