Oct 7, 2009

Predictors of resuscitation outcome in a swine model of VF cardiac arrest: A comparison of VF duration, presence of acute myocardial infarction and VF waveform

Resuscitation
Julia H IndikRobert A Berg

Abstract

Factors that affect resuscitation to a perfusing rhythm (ROSC) following ventricular fibrillation (VF) include untreated VF duration, acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and possibly factors reflected in the VF waveform. We hypothesized that resuscitation of VF to ROSC within 3min is predicted by the VF waveform, independent of untreated VF duration or presence of acute MI. AMI was induced by the occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. VF was induced in normal (N=30) and AMI swine (N=30). Animals were resuscitated after untreated VF of brief (2min) or prolonged (8min) duration. VF waveform was analyzed before the first shock to compute the amplitude-spectral area (AMSA) and slope. Unadjusted predictors of ROSC within 3min included untreated VF duration (8min vs 2min; OR 0.11, 95%CI 0.02-0.54), AMI (AMI vs normal; OR 0.11, 95%CI 0.02-0.54), AMSA (highest to lowest tertile; OR 15.5, 95%CI 1.7-140), and slope (highest to lowest tertile; OR 12.7, 95%CI 1.4-114). On multivariate regression, untreated VF duration (P=0.011) and AMI (P=0.003) predicted ROSC within 3min. Among secondary outcome variables, favorable neurological status at 24h was only predicted by VF duration (OR 0.22, 95% CI 0.05-0.92). In this swine m...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Neuro-Oncological Ventral Antigen 2
Ventricular Fibrillation
Amsacrine
Transcription Initiation
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Myocardial Infarction
Acute Disease
Anterior Thoracic Region
Epinephrine Measurement
Obstruction

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