Feb 4, 2010

Predictors of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Comilla SassonArthur Kellermann

Abstract

Prior studies have identified key predictors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), but differences exist in the magnitude of these findings. In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the strength of associations between OHCA and key factors (event witnessed by a bystander or emergency medical services [EMS], provision of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation [CPR], initial cardiac rhythm, or the return of spontaneous circulation). We also examined trends in OHCA survival over time. An electronic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane DSR, DARE, ACP Journal Club, and CCTR was conducted (January 1, 1950 to August 21, 2008) for studies reporting OHCA of presumed cardiac etiology in adults. Data were extracted from 79 studies involving 142 740 patients. The pooled survival rate to hospital admission was 23.8% (95% CI, 21.1 to 26.6) and to hospital discharge was 7.6% (95% CI, 6.7 to 8.4). Stratified by baseline rates, survival to hospital discharge was more likely among those: witnessed by a bystander (6.4% to 13.5%), witnessed by EMS (4.9% to 18.2%), who received bystander CPR (3.9% to 16.1%), were found in ventricular fibrillation/ventricular tachycardia (14.8% to 23.0%), or achieved return of spontaneous circu...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Voluntary Admission
Meta-Analysis (Publications)
Emergency Care
Survival Analysis
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Odds Ratio
Cardiac Rhythm Type
Health Care Systems
Patient Discharge

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