Nov 7, 1995

Preferred sites of glycosylphosphatidylinositol modification in folate receptors and constraints in the primary structure of the hydrophobic portion of the signal

W Yan, M Ratnam


The divergent carboxyl-terminal signal peptides for glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) membrane anchor attachment in folate receptor (FR) types alpha and beta were characterized. All of the candidate amino acid residues for GPI modification were identified and tested by substituting individually and in combination with amino acids that cannot be modified by GPI. Thus the GPI modification in FR-alpha was decreased to 22% by mutation of Ser234 to Thr but unaltered by changing the other candidate, Gly235, to Met. However, the double mutant FR-alpha Ser234-Thr,Gly235-Met showed half of the GPI modification seen in FR-alpha Ser234-Thr. This result suggests that Ser234 is the preferred GPI modification site, while Gly235 is a minor, alternate GPI modification site. Similarly, in FR-beta, mutation of Asn230 to Gln decreased GPI modification to 32%, while mutation of the other candidate site, Gly237, to Met had no effect. However, mutation at both sites further reduced the GPI modification by a half. A five amino acid carboxyl-terminal deletion (FR-beta delta 5) caused no decrease in the extent of GPI modification. However, the same deletion in FR beta Asn230-Gln decreased the residual GPI modification by 66%. These results suggest tha...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations30


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations30


Mentioned in this Paper

Hormone Receptors, Cell Surface
Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
Sequence Determinations
Phosphatidylinositol Glycan
Carrier Proteins
Folate Receptors, GPI-Anchored
DNA Sequence

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.