Pregnancy outcomes among women with epilepsy: A retrospective cohort study

Epilepsy & Behavior : E&B
Atiwat SoontornpunTheera Tongsong


The objective of this study was to compare adverse pregnancy outcomes between pregnancies that involve epilepsy and those that do not and are identified as normal for the purposes of this paper. A retrospective cohort study was carried out by accessing the maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) database to identify and review records of singleton pregnancies with epilepsy but with no other underlying disease (study group). A parallel group of low-risk pregnancies was randomly allocated as the control group. The adverse outcomes between the two groups were compared. The primary outcomes included rates of spontaneous abortion, small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), and preeclampsia. From a total of 44,708 deliveries, 148 pregnancies involving mothers with epilepsy and a control group of 1480 normal pregnancies were compared. The rates of spontaneous abortion, PTB, LBW, and cesarean section were slightly but significantly higher in the study group with a relative risk of 6.6 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.9-23.3), 1.6 (95% CI: 1.1-2.2), 1.6 (95% CI: 1.1-2.3), and 1.5 (95% CI: 1.1-2.1), respectively, whereas other adverse outcomes were comparable. In the subgroup analysis, adverse outcomes tended to ...Continue Reading


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