Pregnancy rates and perinatal outcomes in women with systemic lupus erythematosus: data from the Korean national health claims database.

Clinical Rheumatology
Young Bin JooYune-Jung Park

Abstract

The pregnancy rate in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is not fully understood and comparisons of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) with SLE versus the general population are limited. This study aimed to estimate the pregnancy rate and APOs in Korean SLE compared to those without SLE. Pregnant women were identified using the ICD-10 codes for delivery and abortion in the Korean national health claims database (2013-2015). APOs were classified as fetal loss, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, and gestational diabetes. Annual incidence rates (IRs) of pregnancy and APOs were calculated in women with SLE and the general population without SLE and the two groups were compared using age-adjusted incidence rate ratios (IRRs). Age-stratified IRRs were further analyzed. The annual IRs of pregnancy in SLE were 29.54-30.70 per 1000 persons. The IRRs were lower in women with SLE than in the general population: 0.68 (0.61-0.76), 0.66 (0.60-0.74), and 0.74 (0.66-0.82) in each respective year. The IRRs of fetal loss, IUGR, and pre-eclampsia/eclampsia were 1.30 (1.14-1.49), 4.65 (3.55-6.09), and 3.43 (2.70-4.36), respectively. However, the IRR of gestational diabetes in SLE did not significantly differ from that ...Continue Reading

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