PMID: 41886Jan 1, 1979

Preliminary characterization of bovine pineal prolactin releasing (PPRF) and release-inhibiting factors (PPIF) activity

Journal of Neural Transmission
N ChangB Benson


Bovine pineal glands were subjected to extraction with dilute acetic acid, gel filtration on Sephadex G-25 and subsequent ultrafiltration through Diaflo membranes PM10, UM2 and UM05. Various fractions derived at each step were tested for the presence of substances which stimulate or inhibit prolactin secretion in vitro and in vivo. Both prolactin releasing (PPRF) and release-inhibiting (PPIF) activities were observed. PPRF activity was present in certain fractions derived from Sephadex G-25 and in the PM10 residue (MW congruent to less than 10,000). Whereas both the UM2 residue (MW greater than 1000) and UM05 filtrates (MW less than 500) was seen to inhibit pituitary prolactin release in vitro, the UM05 residue (MW greater than 500 and less than 1000) inhibited prolactin release in vivo, possibly by stimulating the secretion of the hypothalamic prolactin inhibiting factor. On the basis of its inactivation by trypsin it was concluded that PPIF may be a peptide or contain a peptide moiety indispensible for its biological activity. Experiments are in progress to characterize pineal prolactin-regulating activities and to elucidate further the physiological role of the pineal gland in the regulation of prolactin secretion.


Sep 1, 1978·Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology·D E Blask, R J Reiter
Jul 1, 1978·General and Comparative Endocrinology·S N BaksiP K Pang
Jan 1, 1979·Journal of Neural Transmission·A Slama-ScemamaI Ebels
Sep 1, 1978·General and Comparative Endocrinology·G LodiM Sacerdote
Aug 1, 1976·Biology of Reproduction·A Bartke, S Dalterio
Feb 1, 1975·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J R Benson, P E Hare
Feb 1, 1973·The Journal of Endocrinology·M J Matthews, B Benson
Jan 8, 1971·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·W F WhiteT W Redding
Mar 1, 1969·Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine·G D NiswenderS Ellis
Jun 18, 1965·Science·R A HOFFMAN, R J Reiter


Jan 1, 1982·Journal of Neural Transmission·H P NotebornC A Salemink
Jan 1, 1981·Journal of Neural Transmission·V Lapin, I Ebels
Jan 1, 1993·Journal of Pineal Research·H P NotebornC A Salemink
Mar 1, 1993·Archives Internationales De Physiologie, De Biochimie Et De Biophysique·C PicoA Palou

Related Concepts

Bos indicus
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Prolactin Release-Inhibiting Hormone
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