May 1, 1976

Preliminary investigations of the metabolism and pharmacological activity of beta-hydroxytryptamines in mammals

The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
V PlavsićZ Supek


beta-Hydroxytryptamine and beta-hydroxy-5-hydroxytryptamine were incubated with rat liver slices and oxidative deamination was established as the main route of metabolism: in both instances the corresponding indole-3-glycollic acids and indole-3-ethane diols were the major metabolites. However, the rates of deamination of beta-hydroxylated tryptamines, as measured manometrically, were found to be much slower than those of tryptamines nonhydroxylated in the side chain. The pharmacological activities of beta-hydroxylated tryptamines were tested in guinea-pigs on resistance of respiratory pathways, spontaneous respiration, electrocardiogram, blood pressure and isolated ileum, using tryptamine and 5-HT as reference substances. The effects of tryptamines hydroxylated in the side chain were in general similar to those of corresponding tryptamines but of much lower intensities; only in increasing the blood pressure was beta-hydroxytryptamine as active as tryptamine. The different reactions of these two groups of substances in the presence of some antagonists indicate that the receptors are probably not the same.

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Biochemical Pathway
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Cell Respiration
Smooth Muscle
Metabolic Pathway

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