Premature closure of the foramen ovale associated with aortic stenosis, left ventricular dilation with thrombus, and early mortality

The American Journal of Cardiology
T T NowlenR G Grifka


Premature foramen ovale (FO) closure has been postulated as a cause of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. We suggest that premature FO closure is also associated with left ventricular (LV) dilation and LV thrombus formation, and that FO closure in patients with aortic stenosis and LV dilation is a secondary event that occurs later in gestation than that seen with the hypoplastic left heart.


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