PMID: 9657422Jul 10, 1998Paper

Premorbid personality traits of patients with organic (ICD-10 F0), schizophrenic (F2), mood (F3), and neurotic (F4) disorders according to the five-factor model of personality

Psychiatry Research
T FurukawaT Hamanaka


The present article aims to examine premorbid personality traits of psychiatric patients with various diagnoses by asking their close relatives to retrospectively rate the patients' usual self with a questionnaire designed for the five-factor model of personality, a rapidly emerging comprehensive theory of personality structure. Data for 140 patients and 84 controls were analyzed. Although psychiatric patients as a group were characterized by high neuroticism and low conscientiousness when compared with the healthy controls, there were only a few traits that distinguished a particular diagnostic group from either the normal control or from the rest of the patients: neurotic disorder patients had higher neuroticism scores than the normal controls; unipolar depressives had a higher conscientiousness score than the rest of the patient group. No salient premorbid trait was noted for patients with organic mental disorders, schizophrenic disorders or bipolar disorders.


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